If you are looking for a soldier there are many published resources at the National Library to assist.  Official records relating to individual soldiers are available at the National Archives of Australia and the Australian War Memorial.

Catalogue search tips

To find biographies of individual soldiers, use the name of the soldier as a keyword search eg:

There are also many collective biographies available, including of soldiers from the same area.  Use the geographic area or the more general name of the conflict as in the following examples: 

Many volumes of the collected letters of both individual soldiers and soldiers from particular areas have also been published. These can be found by using either individual names, or geographic areas:

'How to' guides

There have been a number of guides published to tracing individual soldiers. The following are on open access in the Newspapers and Microforms Reading Room.

Unit histories and official diaries

Unit histories and official diaries can provide useful information on the movement of a unit and a soldier within that unit.

There are also growing collections of unit histories available online.  The State Library of Victoria is progressively digitising Victorian unit histories in its collection. The Australian War Memorial has a very useful guide called Researching the history of a unit and is progressively digitising its collection of Australian Imperial Force WWI diaries.

Medals and awards

Many soldiers received awards for their bravery and service in the war. 

The London gazette contains of names of Australians who were granted honours and awards in the First World War and is available online.

The Honours and awards section of the Australian War Memorial contains details of honours and awards to Australians while on active service with Australian forces, and includes references to where the recommendation and award can be found in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette as well as the London gazette.

The following printed works name all Australian Army recipients of gallantry and distinguished service awards made during the First World War, together with the recommendations for the awards:

 A useful Case Study on finding a military honour or award in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette can be found in our Research Guide: Government gazettes.

To find out what awards have been issued from the Australian and Imperial honours and awards systems from the Boer War to the present day check Defence Honours and Awards.

Soldier settlers

On their return from war, many soldiers leased farming land and became soldier settlers.

To find published works held by the National Library use the keywords ‘solder settlers’ or Browse alphabetically for the following heading in the online catalogue:

The following websites also contain useful information on the scheme and access to records: